(Abdominal organs, thyroid, blood vessels, heart, joints) Ultrasound (sonography) produces images of internal organs or joints. Using a transducer the sound waves are emitted and the subsequent echo pulses are displayed on a screen. The image provides information about the size, location and structure of the organ being examined and any pathological changes. The ultrasound is not hazardous as there is no radiation exposure.
Examination of the abdominal organs:
Detection of diseases or changes in the liver, gallbladder, spleen, kidneys, pancreas, prostate, blood vessels including tissue changes, tumors, urinary stone formation.
Examination of the thyroid gland:
Size and structure of the organ, detection of nodules, cysts or calcifications.
Examination of the heart:
Assessment of the heart muscle, heart valves, pericardium, detection of heart failure.
Evaluation of the carotid arteries and leg arteries to determine the vascular status.
Evaluation of the veins to detect venous thrombosis, venous insufficiency.
In laboratory medicine blood and urine are mainly analyzed. In this way, conclusions can be drawn as to disorders of individual organs and/or diseases and the monitoring thereof. The blood test is also a component of the preventative health examinations. The results are always subject to individual interpretation, taking into account many factors.
Blood collection times:
Daily – 8:00 to 10:00 am.
ECG, exercise ECG, 24-Hour ECG
The electrocardiogram (ECG) records heart current curves, which are then analyzed by the physician.
The exercise ECG (stress test) is used to determine the cardiovascular load capacity and to diagnose heart disease such as exercise-induced ischemia (e.g. coronary heart disease).
A long-term ECG is carried out for 24 hours or longer. The patient wears a digital recording device fixed by a belt to the body. The stored data will then be analyzed on a computer. This test is used to diagnose cardiac arrhythmias.
Lung function testing
The examination is carried out using a spirometer. The patient breathes through a mouthpiece.
The values registered give information as to lung capacity (vital capacity) and respiratory current (Tiffenau value).
A study of lung function is useful in the case of risk factors such as smoking, occupational exposure, allergies with chronic cough, phlegm, shortness of breath, or pathological x-ray.
It can be used to diagnose and assess the effectiveness of therapy of chronic lung disease (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Asthma).
Also for healthy, the lung function test is a useful tool to determine lung capacity before strenuous physical exercise.
Long-term blood pressure measurement
For this reason, individual blood pressure measurements are not sufficient to provide a reliable diagnosis. More revealing is a blood pressure measurement over a longer period of time.
Long-term measurement of blood pressure takes place outside the doctor’s office in the patient’s familiar surroundings during normal daily activities over a 24-hour period.
The results of individual measurements are recorded and can be interpreted by the physician.